A stroke is a fatal medical emergency condition that needs immediate medical attention and every second counts. It may be difficult to realize when a person is having a stroke, as the symptoms are confusing for both the patient and the witness.
Tiredness, disorientation and confusion in the patient are a few subtle signs of stroke. Learning the initial signs is important as it helps get faster treatment. Treatment is imperative within the first 3 hours of the attack.
The discussion below will guide you through the four crucial steps on surviving a stroke. There are basically two types of strokes:
- About 85 percent of stroke conditions are ischemic strokes in which the smooth blood flow to the brain is thwarted by a blood clot.
- The other type of stroke is hemorrhagic strokes in which blood vessels around your brain burst, and bleeding starts.
However, both the above medical conditions can be countered with four preventive measures.
4 Tips to survive a Stroke
1. Identify Signs: Be aware of the several signs and symptoms of a stroke. There is a sudden numbness in the face, leg or arm, usually on one side of your body. Also, there is a sudden rush of uneasiness and confusion. The victim may have difficulty in understanding or repeating what is being said to him.
In addition, the following symptoms may be observed:
- Slurring of speech or difficulty in pronouncing words
- Vision problem in one or both eyes (blurry vision, double vision, or a feeling of shade over the eyes)
- Loss of coordination and trouble with walking and balance
- Severe headache and dizziness
2. Seek Help: The moment you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms, call the nearest emergency helpline.
As a part of medical assistance, the patient will receive TPA drugs that break the clots in the veins and restore normal blood flow to the parts of the brain that have been affected by the stroke. It has been medically proven that patients who receive this treatment can function more independently than those who do not get the treatment.
3. BE FAST: This acronym works the best in times of emergency. It stands for:
- Balance: Sudden loss in walking, balance, coordination or feeling dizziness
- Eyes: Loss or blurring of vision or feeling of shadow overcasting the eyes
- Face: Asymmetry or weakness of face
- Arms: Numbness or weakness in legs or arms
- Speech: Difficulty with language or producing speech
- Time: It is time to call medical emergency
4. Document Everything: It is important for the witness to document a few things. After the attack, and once you notice the symptoms, make the patient lie down or rest while you call the ambulance. Jot it down or keep in your memory when the patient was normal the last time and how much time has passed since the attack until now.
Also, try to be aware of whether the patient had any prior medical conditions or did the patient undergo a surgery recently. Once medical assistance arrives, you can furnish this information, as it will be of great help to treat the patient.
Every second counts. Be aware of the points above and avert emergency conditions with ease. Life is precious, so learn how to improve it.