An aneurysm primarily occurs when the weakened wall of an artery bulges or swells up, resulting in a large protrusion. It can affect an artery located in any part of the body, however, brain, abdomen, legs, spleen and kidneys are some of the common locations that can get affected by aneurysm.
Aneurysm treatment cost in India depends upon the location of aneurysm. Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair cost in India starts from $6500, while in US it costs around $25000. Similarly Brain aneurysm repair cost in India starts from $7000, while in US it costs around 32,841.
The bulge or swelled up part of the wall of the artery can burst at one point of time. It, therefore, leads to internal bleeding and may cause a series of complications if left untreated.
The exact cause that leads to development of an aneurysm in the arteries is still a mystery. However, its appearance has been linked to the accumulation of fats in the affected artery, certain types of arterial blockages and damaged tissue. All these factors can make the heart pump blood faster, thus putting the artery under strain and leading to the damage.
Hypertension and build-up of plaques in the arteries (atherosclerosis) are two other major reasons linked with the development of aneurysm. While plaques stops the blood from flowing normally with the artery, high blood pressure may end up weakening and enlarging the arteries.
However, high blood pressure does not necessarily put an individual at an increased risk of aneurysm. It can also result in problems related to the heart and blood vessels.
Deep wounds, infection and injury are also sometimes linked to the development of aneurysm.
Types of Aneurysm
Aneurysm can affect any part of the body. However, it most common occurs in the brain, abdomen and the heart.
Brain: Aneurysm in the brain is also known as cerebral aneurysm. The swelling in the arterial blood vessel of the brain can be of any size and it may develop later in life or be present at the time of birth (congenital defect).
Cerebral aneurysm is typically present deep in the brain tissue within a blood vessel. It may or may not result in any signs and symptoms. For the same reason, there is a large majority of patients who do not even know that they are suffering from aneurysm of the brain.
Abdomen: Aneurysm in the intestine or abdomen is also known as mesenteric artery aneurysm. This type of aneurysm affects the arteries that carries oxygenated blood to the different parts of the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, colon, rectum and intestines. It is most commonly referred to as abdominal aneurysm. This is the most common form of aneurysm.
Heart: Aneurysm in the heart is also known as ventricular or aortic aneurysm. It involves the largest artery in the human body called aorta, which starts from the left ventricle of the heart and moves on the abdomen before dividing into two to reach both the legs.
Aneurysm symptoms depend on the location of the swelling in the arterial wall. The swelling can be seen in the form of a mass when the aneurysm occurs near the surface of the body. On the other hand, it may not produce any symptoms if it lies deep within the body.
The symptoms that a patient may experience and ignore depends on the location of the aneurysm. For example, cerebral aneurysm patients can experience nausea, stiffness, neck pain, blurred vision and sensitivity to light. However, these symptoms are often confused with some other condition.
Typically, hypotension, increased heart rate, pain and light-headedness is experienced in case an aneurysm ruptures within the body. The risk of death in such cases is usually high, unless it is treated on time.
An aneurysm is typically diagnoses with the help of a CT scan, MRI, angiogram or an ultrasound. These diagnostic tests allows doctor to check the inside of the body and assess the overall health of the blood vessels. Any bulges, weakening and blockage inside the arteries are identified and treated on time to prevent it from bursting.
Aneurysm Treatment in India
Aneurysm treatment in India depends on the exact location of weakening or swelling. That is, the treatment depends upon whether aneurysm is present in the brain, in the heart, in abdomen or somewhere else in the body.
Cerebral aneurysm treatment in India
Aneurysm of the brain is typically treated with the help of a surgery, which can be of the following two types:
Coil embolization: In this procedure, a tube-like structure is inserted into the affected artery of the brain. The tube consist of a coil which is moved around the aneurysm of relieve pressure and to prevent it from bursting.
Surgical clipping: This procedure is done to relieve the pressure on the aneurysm and to prevent it from rupturing inside the brain. A metal clip is attached to the base of the swelling to separate it from the normal circulatory pathway.
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Aortic aneurysm treatment in India
The most common form of treatment for aortic aneurysm in India is an open repair. This is performed by making an incision either in the abdomen or chest.
Under the influence of general anaesthesia, the aneurysm is surgically removed and an artificial graft is inserted at the place from where the aneurysm is removed. This is a tedious procedure that takes more than four to six hours and the patient is able to recover only in months after the surgery.
In some of the aortic aneurysm and abdominal aortic aneurysm cases, a stent-graft is inserted into an artery in the groin. This enables blood to flow through the aneurysm and also corrects the weakened wall of the artery to prevent it from rupturing.
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Aneurysm treatment cost in India
The cost of aneurysm treatment in India depends upon the location of aneurysm. No matter what the location of the aneurysm is, aneurysm treatment cost in India is still far less than what it costs in the countries with similar level of medical care.
Each year, thousands of patients travel to India for quality medical care and services. India boats its chain of highly-specialized hospitals that are equipped to handle all kind of medical emergencies. Moreover, the medical staff here is highly trained to use latest technology to treat patients.
Some of the best hospitals for aneurysm treatment in India include:
- BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
- Aster Medcity, Kochi
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, New Delhi
- Global Health City, Chennai
- Global Hospital, Lakdi Ka Pul, Hyderabad
- Dharamshila Cancer Hospital, New Delhi
- Narayana Institute of Cardiac Science, Bangalore
- Wockhardt Hospital, South Mumbai
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon