Kidney transplantation is done on patients who suffer from end-stage kidney disease or kidney failure. These conditions are often a result of chronic blood pressure, diabetes and glomerulonephritis.

Kidney transplant price in India for related donor and recipient starts from $7000. While for unrelated donor and recipient, cost of surgery starts at $10000. Kidney transplant cost in India is one of the biggest reasons why huge number of people prefer India as their medical tourism destination. 

Kidney transplantation, also known as renal transplant, is a complex procedure that involves transplant of a single healthy kidney in the body of the patient, in place of one or both defective kidneys. Kidney plays a vital role in the human body. There paired organs carry out the filtration process and helps with the excretion of all the waste material and toxins from the body.

When the function of these organs is impaired in the body, no filtration takes place. As a result, all the toxins, waste material and fluids start to accumulate in the body. This, in turn, leads to kidney failure, and kidney transplant is conducted.

Who requires kidney transplant?

The most suitable and reliable form of treatment for end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is kidney transplant. The need for kidney transplant, in fact, does not depend on the type and nature of cause that led to kidney failure.

In addition, both the categories of patients – with history or no history of dialysis – can undergo kidney transplant. However, there are certain limitations to who all are eligible for this form of treatment.

For example, patients with reduced heart-lung function and life-threatening medical conditions such as infections, diseases related to the liver, heart and lung and cancer. In addition, people with active infections such as hepatitis and those who follow unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol and drug addicts are not allowed to undergo kidney transplant.

From where is the donated kidney taken?

The donated kidney can be derived from two types of donors. The first category includes close family members, spouse, relatives or friends. The second category includes deceased donors – the people who have given their permission to use their organs for donation purpose after their death.

What happens before kidney transplant?

The patient is typically asked to undergo certain medical tests before the surgery. This is the first step in the kidney transplant procedure and is also called as the screening stage.

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During this stage, certain blood tests, tissue and blood typing, skin tests and heart tests are conducted to check for the overall health status. The donor, if living, may also be screened at this stage to check for the health status.

A thorough evaluation is carried out by the transplant team, which may include the chief surgeon, the supporting surgeons and other doctors and investigators.

What happens during kidney transplant?

Patients are first given general anesthesia before the actual procedure to keep them in a resting state. Next, an incision is made into the abdominal area to place the new kidney in the abdomen. The added kidney is then connected to the vein and artery in the pelvis region.

Typically, the non-functional kidney is left in its original position. They are removed only if they cause any complication, such as infection or hypertension. The kidney transplant typically lasts for about 3 to 4 hours.


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 Types of kidney transplant in India

There are two types of kidney transplant or kidney removal (nephrectomy) conducted in India. These include:

Laparoscopic nephrectomy: This type of surgery is conducted with the help of a device called laparoscope. Typically, 3 to 4 small incisions are made in the abdomen through which surgical instruments are passed into the abdomen of the patient. The non-functional kidney (whole) is placed in a bag. This type of surgery is minimally invasive and has less recovery time than traditional, open nephrectomy.

Open nephrectomy: This is the traditional form of surgery in which 6 to 10 small incisions are made into the abdomen of the patient. The blood vessels supplying blood to the kidneys and the bladder are cut and clamped. In some cases, surrounding tissues are also cut.

What happens after kidney transplant?

Following the surgery, the patient is asked to take anti-rejection drugs. In addition, the patient and the family members are told how to monitor sugar levels and blood pressure regularly and report it to the doctor.

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A series of blood tests and other diagnostic tests are conducted in the following weeks to check the recovery and the health status of the patient. Signs of rejection are constantly looked for and sometimes even urine tests are conducted to check for signs of rejection.

In some cases, nuclear medicine scan is done to confirm that proper amount of blood is flowing to the kidneys.

Kidney cancer transplant in India: Why?

India has evolved to become one of the top preferred countries for medical tourism. Kidney transplant is one such procedure for which medical tourists from all over the world travel to this country.

Kidney transplant in India is carried out by a team of highly-specialized doctors who possess several years of experience. In addition, these doctors and the entire medical staff handling the end-stage kidney disease patient are trained to handle all sought of complications that may occur during the surgery.

In addition to world-class facilities, supportive staff and availability of state-of-the-art technology, kidney transplant cost in India is one major factor that attracts medical tourists to come to India for this procedure. Availability of donated kidney and less waiting time is yet another reason why medical tourists come to India for kidney transplant.

Kidney transplant cost in India

Kidney transplant cost in India is much less than what it costs in the US, UK and for that matter, any other developed country. This is evident from the cost of laparoscopic kidney transplantation and open kidney transplantation in India and the US.

Kidney Transplant Surgery Cost in India
Initial evaluation test for donor and recipient cost $900 – $1200 (Depends on hospital facilities)
Surgery cost $2000 – $10000
ICU and medications cost: $1300 – $8500
Daily doctor checkup and miscellaneous expenses cost $800 – $1600
Approximate Total cost $5000 – $22000

Best kidney transplant hospitals in India

BLK Super Speciality Hospital View Hospital
Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals View Hospital
Aster Medcity View Hospital
Fortis Memorial Research Institute View Hospital
Global Health City, Chennai View Hospital
Global Hospital, Lakdi Ka Pul View Hospital
Dharamshila Cancer Hospital View Hospital
Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences View Hospital
Wockhardt Hospital South Mumbai View Hospital
Artemis Hospital View Hospital

Reference

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kidney_transplantation
  2. http://www.kidneylink.org/TypesofKidneyTransplants.aspx