Lung cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer among both categories of patients – men and women. It is estimated that more than 8 million people around the world die because of lung cancer.
Lung cancer treatment in India is quite affordable as compared to other countries, including Singapore, US, UK and Canada. Pneumonectomy costs about $5,000 in India while $22,000 in US. Wedge Resection costs about $3,000 in India while $15,000 in US. Chemotherapy costs about $3,000 in India while $21,000 in US.
Lung cancer begins to form when the cells in the lungs start to divide uncontrollably and the organ’s automatic cell death machinery fails. As a result, the abnormal growth of cells forms a lump or a tumor over a period of time that may stay at its original location or break off and spread to other parts of the body.
Lung cancer treatment is essential as lungs are vital organs of the body that help purify impure blood and supplies it to the rest of the body. When lung fails, no purification of blood takes place and oxygen does not reach the rest of the body parts.
Lung Cancer Symptoms
Patients who develop lung cancer experience prominent signs and symptoms that should not be ignored. Some of the common lung cancer symptoms include:
- Chest pain
- Severe and constant cough
- Cough filled with blood
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Swelling on neck and face
Types of Lung Cancer
There are different types of lung cancer, which differ in the way how they spread and grow. The four most common types of lung cancer include:
|Type||Occurrence (of all lung cancer)||Description|
|Non-small cell carcinoma||85%||This type of lung cancer grows slowly and may affect the epithelial cells (squamous cell carcinoma), mucus-producing cells (adenocarcinoma) or some other cells (large cell carcinoma) of the lungs.|
|Small cell carcinoma||15%||This type of lung cancer grows rapidly and has a tendency to spread to other parts of the body.|
What causes lung cancer?
There are many reasons that may directly or indirectly lead to the cancer of the lungs. But the leading cause of lung cancer is an exposure to smoke.
People who smoke tobacco and those who are exposed to second-hand smoke are more likely to develop lung cancer than others. Some of the other risk factors for lung cancer include:
- Exposure to radon, asbestos, arsenic, cadmium and chromium
- Family history of lung cancer
Lung Cancer Diagnosis
Lung cancer is hard to diagnose in its early stages because there are no symptoms that can be easily identified. However, doctors use the following tests to diagnose lung cancer in case it is suspected:
- Chest X-ray
- Sputum analysis
- CT Scan
- MRI Scan
- PET Scan
- Needle aspiration: It involves making use of a needle to remove a piece of tissue from the lungs to see whether it has cancer cells.
- Bronchoscopy: In this test, an instrument called a bronchoscope is inserted into the bronchial tubes through throat. The doctor is thus, able to see abnormal areas inside the lungs. Small piece of tissue is also cut and observed under the microscope to identify cancer cells.
- Surgical lung biopsy: In this test, a special instrument called a thoracoscope is used to look inside the lungs and remove a sample of tissue.
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Lung Cancer Treatment in India
Lung cancer treatment in India is carried out by highly experienced oncologists and team of surgeons who have an expertise in handling medical emergencies. There are different types of lung cancer treatment available in India, selection of which is done on the bases of the severity of patient’s condition, the stage and extent of cancer and the overall health status of the patient.
The following are the common types of lung cancer treatment options in India:
Surgery: There are different types of lung cancer surgery. Surgery is typically an option for the treatment of non-small cell cancers that has not spread anywhere.
The following are some of the common types of lung cancer surgery:
- Lobectomy: In this surgical procedure, one of the lobe from the lung affected by cancer is removed. It is a common procedure. Sometimes, two lobes may be removed at a time, a procedure known as bilobectomy.
- Pneumonectomy: This procedure involves complete removal of the lung affected by cancer. This, in turn, reduces the breathing capacity of the patient, who is then advised to use spirometer to exercise and improve existing lung capacity.
- Wedge resection (segmentectomy): In this procedure, only a portion of the lung affected by cancer and some bit of surrounding healthy tissues are removed. As a result, the rest of the healthy lung is left in place.
- Lymph node removal: The lymph nodes are sometimes surgically removed in case the cancer has spread there.
Chemotherapy: This involves injection of certain anti-cancer drugs intravenously or with the help of pills. The drugs circulate in the blood and kill off cancer cells. During the drug action, some healthy cells are also killed, which regrow again.
Radiation therapy: Internal or external radiation therapy is used to direct a beam directly at the tumor site to kill off cancer cells.
Targeted therapy: This type of therapy is used to specifically target certain type of cancer cells with the help of drugs. It is commonly used to treat non–small cell lung cancer that has returned post treatment and in case other treatments, including chemotherapy, have failed.
Lung Cancer Treatment Cost in India
Best hospitals for lung cancer treatment in India are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and latest technology that help surgeons and oncologists conduct cancer treatment with great precision and accuracy. In addition, these facilities combined with great medical expertise provide a boost to treatment success rate.
The different in cost of lung cancer treatment in India and the US is evident from the comparison below:
|lung Cancer Treatment Cost in India|