Spinal fusion surgery is a type of a back surgery used to fuse together two or more vertebrae. This is a permanent procedure that prevents the movement between the vertebrae.
The average cost of spinal fusion surgery in the UK is around $65000 and in the US is around $90000. However, the same surgery costs just $5500 to $6500 in India, depending upon the level of complexity involved, the duration of stay in the hospital and the type of hospital.
Spinal fusion treatment in India is performed to treat or rectify a number of conditions related to the backbone and spine, including spinal disc herniation, scoliosis, kyphosis, spinal tumor, degenerative disc disease, spondylosis, discogenic pain, vertebral fracture and other degenerative spinal conditions.
This specialized procedure can be performed in multiple ways. The doctor may decide to conduct the surgery in one way or the other depending upon the condition of the patient, the severity of the symptoms and age of the patient.
What happens before and after spinal fusion surgery?
Months before the surgery, the patient is asked to stop smoking, taking alcohol and specific drugs. In addition, the patient is questioned about his or her medical history, including the recent illnesses, major surgeries in the past and the type of drugs that he or she has been taking. The doctor may ask to take specific drugs just before the day of the surgery.
Before the day of the surgery, the patient is advised to stop eating 6 to 12 hours beforehand. In addition, specific instructions may be given that must be followed.
After the spinal fusion surgery, the patient is required to stay in the hospital for three to five days. Elderly patients may be advised to join a rehabilitation program for a few weeks.
Recovery after surgery takes time as the healing procedure is similar to that of a bone fracture. Typically, it takes around four to six weeks for a healthy, young adult to recover, it may take around four to six months for older people and those with sedentary jobs.
Spinal Fusion Treatment in India
India is one of the several famous medical tourism hubs. The primary reason why patients abroad decide to travel for spinal fusion treatment in India is cost effective and the quality of services provided by the hospitals in the country.
The quality of some of the best hospitals for spinal fusion in India is controlled by strict government policies. Such hospitals may not advertise their services in the media because of strict regulations and ethical norms, but, they do not lag behind when it comes to world-class medical facilities and affordable patient care.
Some of the types of spinal fusion surgery performed in India are:
Anterior inter-body fusion procedure: In this type of spinal fusion procedure, a vertical or transverse incision is made over the lower abdomen to remove the intervertebral disc and fuse the vertebrae together. The affected intervertebral discs are removed during the procedure and replaced with bone usually recovered from the pelvis through the same incision.
Postero-lateral fusion procedure: In this type of spinal fusion procedure, the intervertebral discs are not affected. An incision is made in the middle of the back to join the vertebrae with screws and rods. The bone for graft is obtained from the pelvis using the same incision and placed on the side and the back of the vertebrae that are supposed to be fused together.
Combined anterior and posterior fusion procedure: Both postero-lateral and anterior fusion procedures are performed as a part of this combined procedure. This type of fusion surgery is more effective that the other methods since there are huge chances that the original source of the problem is eliminated.
Thousands of patients from around the world decided to get spinal fusion treatment in India because of several reasons. First, India boasts its brigade of highly trained doctors and healthcare staff that strive to provide excellent quality of healthcare to patients. Next, the quality of hospitals and hotels in the country is as good as any other country.
Some of the best hospitals for spinal fusion treatment in India include:
- Medanta The Medicity, Gurgaon
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
- Aster Medcity, Kochi
- Global Hospital, Hyderabad
- SevenHills Hospital, Mumbai
- Columbia Asia Yeshwantpur, Bangalore
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
- Global Health City, Chennai
Spinal Fusion Treatment Cost in India
Spinal fusion cost in India is much less than as compared to other developed countries. This is the primary reason why spinal patients from around the world travel to India for this procedure.
The quality of spinal fusion treatment offered in India is no less than the quality delivered in other countries. However, the cost associated with the same is just a fraction of what it takes in its Southeastern counterparts and the developed world countries, including the United Kingdom and the United States.
As a result, a medical tourist from the UK and the US spends 10 to 15 times less when they travel to India for spinal fusion treatment.