A brain tumour is a condition that is characterized by a mass, or collection, of abnormal cells located in the brain. As the skull is a rigid and enclosed area, any growth occurring in this restricted space could result in a series of problems.
A brain tumour can either be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). When a tumour grows in size, it could create pressure, resulting in life-threatening consequences, therefore, it is important to get it treated before it could cause further brain damage. To make the most of this unfortunate situation, one needs to choose the best brain tumour treatment in India.
Types of Brain Tumour
Brain tumours are either primary or secondary.
Primary Brain Tumours
In case of a primary brain tumour, the growth will originate in the brain. They usually develop from:
- Nerve cells
- Membranes surrounding the brain, known as meninges
- Brain cells
Primary tumours can be cancerous or benign but are frequently benign in nature. The common forms of primary brain tumours are meningioma and gliomas.
Gliomas originate from glial cells in the brain. The main functions of these cells include:
- Breaking down of dead neurons
- Cleaning cellular waste
- Providing nutrition to the central nervous system
- Supporting the structure of the central nervous system
There are three major tumour growths originating from the glial cells.
- Glioblastomas, originating in the supportive brain tissue and considered to be the most aggressive type.
- Oligodendroglial tumours, developing mostly in the frontal temporal lobes.
- Astrocytic tumours or astrocytomas, originating in the cerebrum.
Some of the other types of primary brain tumours are:
- Pituitary tumours
- Pineal gland tumours
Secondary Brain Tumour
A secondary brain tumour also referred to as a metastatic brain tumour, can be seen when cancer cells multiply and spread to the brain from a different organ. The majority of the brain cancer cases result from secondary brain tumours. Some of the cancers that have the potential of affecting the brain include:
- Skin cancer
- Kidney cancer
- Breast cancer
- Lung cancer
Secondary brain tumours are always malignant in nature because of their origin.
Symptoms of Brain Tumour
The symptoms will vary depending on the size and location of a tumour. Some could damage the brain tissue directly and some could build pressure on the adjacent brain areas. A headache is one of the most commonly observed symptoms of a brain tumour. Headaches could increase in its intensity after waking up in the morning. They can also occur while sleeping. Exercising, sneezing, or coughing could make the pain worse. Some of the other commonly experienced symptoms include:
- Changes in mental functioning
- Double vision or blurred vision
- Hand tremors
- Uncontrollable movements
- Loss of balance
- Difficulty walking
- Loss of bowel or bladder control
These symptoms could hinder the normal functioning of any person’s life. Therefore, it is important to visit a medical health professional if someone experiences any of the symptoms mentioned above to find the root cause of the problem and get it treated timely.